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Visit to Dyslexia Foundation Sculpture Court

HOW TO IDENTIFY DYSLEXIA

Family history is significant as dyslexia is often inherited. But remember that parents may not be aware of their own dyslexia, as
a generation ago people were not well informed.

Tell-tale’ signs


Throughout their school careers a dyslexic child may:
  • Appear bright and able, but can’t get their thoughts down on paper;
  • Have areas in which they excel, particularly in drama, art and debating;
  • Be clumsy;
  • Act as the ‘class clown’ to mask what they see as their academic failure;
  • Become withdrawn and isolated, sitting at the back and not participating;
  • Be able to do one thing at a time very well but can’t remember an entire list;
  • Look ‘glazed’ when language is spoken too quickly
  • Go home exhausted at the end of a normal day because they have had to put so much effort into learning;
  • Be bullied;
  • Read inaccurately;
  • Have problems spelling;
  • Confuse places, times and dates;
  • Have difficulty remembering maths tables and formulae;
  • Need to have instructions repeated;
  • Have difficulty articulating long words such as 'preliminary' or 'philosophical';
  • Have difficulty planning and writing essays;
  • Suffer poor confidence and low self-esteem.

A young person at secondary school may continue to experience the same problems as at primary school.
In addition secondary school offers a new set of challenges which place immense pressure on dyslexic pupils, who
already have problems with their short-term memory and organisational skills. This may demonstrate itself as:
  • forgetting which books to bring to class;
  • difficulty organising life around a timetable;
  • misunderstanding complex instructions;
  • problems trying to write down notes at speed, and completing work on time;
  • memory difficulties which affect the marshalling of learned facts effectively in exams.

As a result of the strain, the student may be extremely tired and fractious and employ avoidance techniques
whenever possible. It is easy to see how motivation and self-esteem drop rapidly. For some, these manifest themselves
as challenging behaviour.

There are many persisting factors in dyslexia which will still be noticeable when the dyslexic child leaves school.
These include:
  • obvious good or bad days, for no apparent reason;
  • disjointed written work;
  • misreading which may affect comprehension;
  • forgetfulness in everyday life.

Concern that a learner may be dyslexic should trigger an assessment, ideally from a specialist dyslexia teacher in the school.
A good understanding of the nature of their difficulties and strengths should inform classroom practice and any extra help
the child requires. If they continue to fall behind they should be ‘fast-tracked’ to more specialist assessment and support.

FIND OUT MORE ABOUT DYSLEXIA HERE
New Zealand Dyslexia Foundation Bright solutions for dyslexia. International Dyslexia Association
4D for Home- positive action for parentsKidshealth
Dyslexia and Learning
What it is like being dyslexic- You Tube
Understood


Assistive Technololgy For Dyslexia

Text to speech (TTS)
Natural Reader free
Balabolka free, includes a portable version
Read and Write Gold -Text to Speech Software
ClaroRead Text to Speech
Ginger Text to Speech free download
Speech to text (STT)
Dragon Natually Speaking - Speech to Text Software
Image to text ( which will allow TTS to work)
Convert image to text .net (This is a free site and also includes links to a range of other option PDF to word, PDF to text, text to PDF)

Mindmap tool
Cayra (free)

Overcoming Dyslexia

Scientific Learning
Brain-fitness exercises to strengthen cognitive and reading skills based on research into how the brain learns
Beating Dyslexia
Exercises and techniques for overcoming dyslexia

Learn to Read Online


Foniks .org
A suite of phonics based sites which are excellent for struggling readers.
Fast Phonics
Good basic phonics programme
Reading skills for today's adults
Graded readings for adult learners
Balestino.com
Read along audio stories written by children.
Bridge to reading
Focuses on teaching 105 common words including 77 Dolch "service" words.
BBC Space spin
Alliterative sentences to read and listen to
Genkienglish-phonics

OZ Read and Spell
Although this site is intended for ESL learners the phonics section is useful for dyslexic students.
A useful site intended for a wide range of age groups. Lessons can be downloaded.
Soft Schools.com
Phonics games, flashcards, worksheets
Fun Fonix
Phonics games and quizzes
Pict games
A wide range of phonic learning games with graphics aimed at primary aged children but
some would also be suitable for older children
Starfall Programme

We all can read
Designed for primary aged children but the I'm Reading and It's Fun to Read sections
have read along stories which could be used by older struggling readers.

Another phonics based on-line reading programme. The first 28 lessons are free.

E-Books and audiobooks

UDL editions
Classic texts on-line with text to speech facilities and on line support to build
reading strategies

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Project Gutenberg
This includes a huge collection of free e-books and also free audio books

Storynory
A collection of audiobooks on-line for children



Lit2go
A large collection of literary fiction and non-fiction in audiobook format which can be accessed by reading level as well as by genre and author .


Useful Apps


There are thouse of apps which are useful for dyslexics. These include assistive technology apps as well as educational apps. The first 4 websites listed below give guidelines on the best apps which are available. The second group includes information about particular apps.
Complete guide to educational and special needs apps
This is a very comprehensive list put together by the parent of a special needs child. It is organised by category of app
Assistive technology Apps
This link takes you to a website which lists a wide range of assistive technology apps ( including android apps)
50 popular ipad apps for struggling readers and writers
This is an excellent list but is limited to ipad apps.
A visual chart of learning apps for dyslexics
This provides links to a wide range of learning apps as well as assistive technology apps in a dyslexic user-friendly visual chart



Audio books
A large collection of free audio books as well as pay audio books.
Dyslexia Quest
The games in Dyslexia Quest help assess and build working memory, phonological awareness, processing speed, visual memory, auditory memory and sequencing skills.
Learn to read write and spell
This multi-sensory reading, spelling and penmanship program builds an association between symbols and sounds through self-paced repetition. This version is free but you can upgrade to a more comprehensive version
Oz Phonics
This includes an Australian accent option in addition to the American accent.
Auditory processing training
This researc based app trains auditory discrimination, auditory closure and phonological awareness.